Alexander example, it has been found that simple

Alexander Rivera

Professor Palacios

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English 1A

12/17/17

Harmful Effects of
Cellphone Use

With the advancement in
technology, there have been new gadgets introduced with efficient communication
means which are convenient for use in the modern world. Cell phones are among
the gadgets that have been developed to suit human consumer needs to the extent
that every possible source of information can be accessed at an instant without
many hustles. However, cellphone use has so many long-term harmful effects
including; encouragement of laziness, the possibility of getting cancer,
cyberbullying, mental conditions like stress and anxiety, accident risk and
sleep loss. Moreover, the case presented by the pro-cellphone groups is
far-fetched and baseless.

Research has shown that
with increased use of cellphones, people have adopted a lazy attitude towards
their daily endeavors. Teenagers were found out to be increasingly obese and
adopted a sedentary life with the contribution of the cell phone menace in the society
(Hardell). Activities that involved movement like information seeking from a
different location which could be a walking distance away now seems to be
achieved via texting. Moreover, it has been found that the cases of obese in
cellphone using teenagers is higher than teenagers who don’t use cell phones.
As a result, use of cellphones is thought to contribute to the adoption of a
sedentary lifestyle which predisposes teenagers to obesity. Furthermore, tasks
that initially required the involvement of personal mentation have been
simplified with increased information access on the phone. For example, it has
been found that simple arithmetic solutions which can be done at the top of
one’s head are increasingly being considered tough by students who use the
cellphones. Access to the calculator, dictionary and other tools within the
cellphones makes life easier. As a result, people get work done by using
shortcuts provided by the software on cellphones. The adoption of a shortcut
mentality leads to laziness among the population because people don’t get to
understand that a hustle must be there before getting some of the necessary
needs they have.

The number of accidents
associated with cellphone use has been on the rise in recent times. It is
because people are increasingly using cell phones almost everywhere to the
extent that basic care practices are overlooked. Road accidents are the leading
cases related to the use of cell phones. Mostly, these occur when people text
or talk over the phone while driving. Due to the divided attention, it becomes
difficult to concentrate fully on the road (Overton et al., 190). Furthermore,
pedestrians also use their cellphones in excess sometimes even on busy
highways. Therefore, they cannot be able to focus on the traffic and often get
hit by vehicles or any other locomotive machine. Simple neglect may extend to
service departments whereby service providers become too engaged on their
cellphones at the expense of risking lives of other people. It is because of
the reasons above that some public places and service providing areas like
hospitals and planes have banned the use of cellphones to maintain vigilance
and reduce risk to life. These increased cases of accidents have been directly
attributed to cell phone use and have led to loss of lives among the affected
individuals (“Do, What Would Hippocrates”)

Over 80 percent of
social media users access the platforms through their mobile phones.
Additionally, over ninety percent of phone models being made or developed
currently have access to the internet (Overton et al., 190). Therefore, it is
prudent to suggest that cell phones increase the access to the internet and
social networks. These platforms have the highest cases of cyberbullying
associated with the use of cell phones. Moreover, telecommunication means
offered by cellphones can also increase the risk of cyberbullying.
Cyberbullying is experienced by nearly one-third of the United States teenage
population with almost half of them being perpetrated through mobile phones (Aljomaa
et al., 160). Cellphones offer the best tools for cyberbullying mainly because
they can offer an element of anonymity to the perpetrators. Often, the victims
of cyberbullying are targeted because of their cellular gadgets which are
easier to use to harm them emotionally using verbal or written attacks. Even
though cyberbullying has been reported in other gadgets too, cell phones
provide the hardest media to track down the perpetrators and bring them to
justice.

Cell phones emit
radiation in small quantities while in use. Constant exposure to these emitted
radiations over time affect the cellular structure of the exposed individuals
which may lead to subsequent mutations into a cancerous cell type. Moreover, it
is suspected that the future generations may have cancerous abnormalities of
growth from the results of cell phone usage by the current one which will be
inherited and passed on (Morgan et al., 200). The amount of exposure from cell
phones is especially high due to their mobility. Because most cell phones are
portable and small enough to fit into the pockets of their owners, they are
often carried around with the owners. As a result, exposure time is increased
to constant contact with the owner (Yildirim et al., 482)

Cell phone usage among
teenagers has been linked with increased incidences of depression and anxiety.
Cellphone usage makes the affected individuals to adopt a slight addiction, and
upon leaving their cellphones even for a short while, the users become anxious
(Aljomaa et al., 156). Furthermore, depression occurs due to the unlimited
access to information and competition to acquire the best lifestyles as the
ones which can be visualized over the information exposed to them via the
telephone. Failure to get whatever they hoped for or dreamed about leads to
depression of the individuals.

The use of cell phones
has been linked to insomnia. A study carried out in the United States found out
that a lot of teenagers have been increasingly lacking sleep due to the usage
of cell phones. Often, the victims are not aware of the implications to their
health by continuous use of the cellphones late into the night. The bright
light from the screen of cell phones makes their eyes to adjust according to
the daylight, and after accommodation of the eye, sleep is lost for good even
after darkness is achieved due to the interference with the normal sleep cycle
(Zarghami).

The argument presented
by the supporters of cellphone usage which are baseless and inconclusive. These
include the idea that cellphones have improved technology, the radiation
emitted by cellphones is insignificant, and cell phones may help to alleviate
stress through its ability to make work easier. While cell phones are an
example of a modern technology device with many tools at a single source with
the convenience of the users, the harmful effects are more than the benefits as
shown. Moreover, there are other means of communication and information sharing
gadgets that either has minimal effects or demand limited use due to their
sizes such as laptops and landline phones. The latter provides good
communication with the added advantage of minimal contact with the skin and
limited mobility, the two things which make telephone use the more dangerous
for the health of individuals.

Even though cellphones
might be emitting radiation in minimal quantities, these tend to give
cumulative effects over a long period. Therefore, it might not be possible to
necessarily witness the harmful effects of the radiation immediately or even in
the current generation. However, this does not mean that the harmful effects
are not present, and people should work towards avoiding them as much as
possible. Finally, the notion that cellphones can be used to reduce stress and
incidences of mental conditions through the applications offered is baseless
and unfounded. Applications on the phone only work to induce dependence on the
users and offer short-term alleviation to stressful conditions without
addressing the cause. Often, the anxiety or depression resumes as soon as an
individual stop using the cellphones.

Cellphone use in recent
technological advancement has increased significantly, and the producers have
done the best innovations to provide every information access possible through
these mobile devices. However, cell phones have various side effects in the
long run which include the risk of cancer, increased accidents, mental
conditions such as anxiety, adoption of a sedentary lifestyle, cyberbullying
and lack of sleep among the users. Moreover, the arguments presented by the
pro-cellphone use groups which assert that cell phone has improved on
communication radiation from cell phones are minimal, and cell phone
applications can help to reduce stress are all inconclusive or far-fetched. The
disadvantages of cellphone usage outweigh the advantages in the long term. It
would be advisable that the disadvantages mentioned above are addressed, or the
use of cellphones is reduced in the population.

 

Works Cited

Aljomaa, Suliman S., et
al. “Smartphone addiction among university students in the light of some
variables.” Computers in Human Behavior 61 (2016): 155-164.

Do, What Would
Hippocrates. “CELLPHONES AND MEDICINE.” WHERE DOES THIS ROAD LEAD?
(2016): 23.

Hardell, Lennart.
“Effects of Mobile Phones on Children’s and Adolescents’ Health: A
Commentary.” Child Development (2017).

Morgan, L. Lloyd,
Santosh Kesari, and Devra Lee Davis. “Why children absorb more microwave
radiation than adults: The consequences.” Journal of Microscopy and
Ultrastructure 2.4 (2014): 197-204.

Overton, Tiffany L., et
al. “Distracted driving: prevalence, problems, and prevention.”
International journal of injury control and safety promotion 22.3 (2015):
187-192.

Yildirim, Mehmet Erol,
et al. “What is harmful to male fertility: cell phone or the wireless
internet?.” The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 31.9 (2015):
480-484.

Zarghami, Mehran, et al.
“The Impact of Using Cell Phones After Light-Out on Sleep Quality,
Headache, Tiredness, and Distractibility Among Students of a University in
North of Iran.” Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences 9.4
(2015).