Diplomatic with Al-Qaeda in 2006 was enough to

Diplomatic role of
Algeria

 

The diplomatic
role played by Algeria in the Sahel crisis was immense.  The Algerian
government acted as the mediator for the Islamic states of Africa. Algeria had been
a main player the settlement of disputes between countries in West Africa where
the Islamic community is the majority. The disputes of the Islamic community
were previously brought about by the formation of the Al-Qaeda group and this
brought war between the different Muslim communities. This was because the
Al-Qaeda group was used to foster war through the sudden and major cases of
terrorism in many countries. The groups which joined the Al-Qaeda group thought
and believed that they had a right to kill through what they referred to as
“Holy War.” The Al-Qaeda had split the Islamic religion since some who did not
join the Al-Qaeda were against it and thought what the others did was wrong.
This fostered War Between the States of the Sahel region and Algeria was the
mediator. For instance, Algeria was involved in the disputes settlement between
the Tuareg rebels and the Mali government in 2006.

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 It made
Algeria familiar with the kind of security which was fit for the war against
Al-Qaeda. Algeria was therefore easily able to control Kidal where Al-Qaeda had
made its home base. Algeria also made it its duty to condemn the Jihadist war all
around the world  IslamicFI1  especially in 2012. The experience they had
with Al-Qaeda in 2006 was enough to help them to foster easily peace between
the states by simply stopping the fight for they knew the points of weaknesses
of Al-Qaeda. This acted as enough evidence that the Algerian government was
fully dedicated to enforcing security measures in the region, by simply
controlling the fight and keeping peace among the states (Campbell, 2013).

From another
approach of Algeria’s diplomatic policies is the crisis in the Arab countries
which called for foreign policies of various countries to be reconsidered. The
Arab uprising witnessed in Arab countries has different implications
economically and socially. These implications would not let any of the affected
countries to relax but arise too and come up with various ways to curb the
situation. To understand the impact of the widespread Arab uprising, it is
important to review the factors that have triggered the spread of the
revolution. According to Marchal (2012), the uprisings in the Arab countries
have been triggered by a mix of economic and political factors which was the
case for the Sahel crisis. The deteriorating living standards and the
increasing inequality in the countries have been seen as a primary cause of the
uprisings. Another cause was the perceived lack of political and economic
accountability from the elite and the alleged alienation of some geographical
areas. Other than the socio-economic causes of the Arab uprising, there has
been the domino
effect’ FI2 based on ideational and emotional level. This
contagion has been fuelled by mobile phones, social media, the internet,
satellite broadcasters and other communication media beyond government
control.  The contagion effect is, therefore, the first impact of the Arab
uprising and has led to the erosion of government control. The effects of the
Arab revolution vary from country to country depending on the nature and level
of cohesion of the ruling regimes.

The
ability of the ruling regimes to control and use the monopoly of power
determines the magnitude of the impact of the Arab uprising. In some countries,
the Arab uprising has led to the overhaul of the incumbent regimes leading to
democratic transitions. In other cases, the revolution has led to government
crackdowns on protestors and even disintegration of the state at worst
scenarios. Therefore, the significant impact of the Arab revolution has been
either bottom-up democratic transition or gradual top-down reforms.

Arguably, the
Arab Uprising has the potential of creating a new political and economic front
in the Middle East. It is likely that it will transform the balance of power
and reduce the influence of Western countries on the Middle East. Marchal
(2012) also argues that the Arab uprising is a significant force to improve on
regional cooperation as countries in the Middle East cooperate to reduce the
influence of the Western nations. Another positive impact of the Arab uprising
is an elimination of the current deadlocks in peace processes in the region and
is also likely to reduce the appeal of terrorism. Keenan (2013) on their part
argue that the full impact of the Arab uprising will be felt after the process
of total transformation on several levels that is underway is complete. They
argue that it is likely that the uprising will create a new political reality
in most Arab countries but with varying outcomes of course. The outcome will
depend on the incumbent regime and the monopoly the regime has on the use of
force. In countries where the military is deeply entrenched in the government
such as the case of Algeria and Syria, the political change would be slow and
can even not be achieved without a violent confrontation.

Currently,
before the dust of the Arab uprising rests, the countries will continue to
experience uncertainty and unrest. This can escalate to civil unrest, civil war
or confrontations as has been witnessed in various countries such as Egypt. As
mentioned earlier, the uprising in some countries such as Egypt and Tunisia
were protestation against long-standing crony capitalism disguised as market
reforms and privatization programs. Such crony capitalism initiatives were
sanctioned, acknowledged and rewarded by international financial institutions.
Part of the objective of the Arab uprising in these countries was, therefore,
to establish a new economic order and attempt to revert to the great Arab
socialism.

Pantucci (2013) and Keenan (2013) conclude that
the Arab revolutions are a confirmation that there is a fundamental reshuffling
of the international order. Their conclusion is based on the analysis that the
political transformation rising out of the Arab revolutions will skew the
regional balance of power. The study brings into the picture the axis of
moderation led by the US, which is under pressure from the Arab uprising. The
Arab revolution is filing a lot of pressure on the US-led restraint and pushing
for the establishment of a more independent international Pan-Arab cooperation.
Arab nationalism is, therefore, likely to be the ultimate impact of the Arab
uprising with the prime principles of national pride and dignity. The Arab
revolution will, therefore, enhance the creation of an independent course of
Arab countries in international affairs and erode the power of western nations.
Pantucci (2013) argues that there is evidence that this contagion is not
confined to Arab states as other countries in other regions have made
tremendous steps to reduce the influence of western nations. They give an
example of China which, through its Jasmine Revolution, is championing the
cause for less influence of Western nations on the affairs of China.