FactsThe court accepts 100-150 of more than 7,000 cases that is asked to review each yearA rule from the supreme court,”four of the nine Justices must vote to accept a case. Five of the nine Justices must vote in order to grant a stay, e.g., a stay of execution in a death penalty case.”One judge is allowed to have between 3-4 law clerks.The law clerks can give a brief message helping the jury or judge or telling them if the accused should be guilty or not guilty.Lawyers have a half hour to make a case argumentIn california 26% of all trials are acceptedWe still need 31 courts to meet the workload base for judges”Unlimited (greater than $25,000) – 192,761Limited (less than $25,000) – 375,178Small claims – 150,382 CriminalFelony – 214,088Misdemeanor – 922,730Infraction – 4,424,870 Family and JuvenileMarital – 138,121Other family law – 242,039Delinquency – 40,726Dependency – 44,679 Other case types:Civil and criminal appeals – 5,064Criminal habeas corpus – 7,898Mental health – 29,718Probate – 44,456The pre-court trial1. The offender is let know of his charges and the consequences2. The offender is given the choice of a jury trial or a bench trial3. The offender is also given the choice to present a lawyer if he can not afford a lawyer the judge will present him with one4. the offender will then enter a plea of guilt or not guilty5. Next a preliminary is held the judge has to see if there is enough evidence to show either the offender guilty or not- guilty6. Now the accuser and its lawyer get to choose the jury.In a oral argument the lawyer has a half and hour to make they’re best legal case.”After Juror “A” answers “yes” when asked whether she feels that “street” drugs should be legalized, the prosecution can most likely exclude her for cause from the pool of jurors in a drug possession case, as she has indicated a bias against drug laws.””The defense can use a peremptory challenge to exclude Juror “B” from the jury pool in a case where a police officer was an assault victim, after it is learned that the juror has two brothers who are police officers. Even if Juror “B” adamantly states that she can remain objective in her assessment of the case, the defense may excuse her without declaring any grounds for doing so.”The witness is called to the stand and is “sworn in,” taking an oath to tell the truth.During the pretrial time only justices and the accused with his/her lawyer can be in the room. No clerks, sheriffs, or jury.Court trials can lead up to 1-2 months some even 4.If you choose a jury trial you need to plead not-guilty you can only plead guilty if it is a bench trial.When redirect examination is when your attorney asks you a question.Re-cross examination is when your attorney asks a witness or the accuser a question.There can be over 150 jurrs and the judge, plaintiff, and defendant have to choose only 12.There have been over one million arrests in california 2011Before the trial starts, the lawyers choose a jury. The process for choosing a jury is called “voir dire.” During this process the attorneys on both sides ask questions of the potential jurors to make sure the jurors will be fair and impartial.Murder, other offenses punishable by death or life imprisonment, embezzlement of public funds: none; offenses punishable by 8 or more years in prison: 6 yrs.; offenses punishable by imprisonment: 3 yrs.,1 yr.; misdemeanor violation committed on a minor under 14: 3 yrs.; sexual exploitation by physician or therapist: 2 yrs.Not in state, max. extension 3 yrs.; statutory periods do not begin until offense is or should have been discovered In the time since the alleged crime and the prosecution, you may have lost evidence that would prove you did not commit the crimeA statute of limitations is a time limitation for bringing a lawsuit. This limitation is often different for different types of lIn 2011, 43 percent of violent crimes (those tracked as part of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program) in California were cleared, while 14 percent of property crimes were cleared. California’s clearance rates are lower than the national average of 48 percent for violent crimes and 19 percent for property crimes.awsuits. The time limitation for a lawsuit for a breach of a contract may be different than the time limitation for a lawsuit based on a car crash. courts reached a record high 102.4 million incoming cases in 2006This total is largely due to higher volumes of civil and criminal caseloads, each of which rose about 3.5% between 2005 and 2006.Most (54%) of the 102.4 million cases fall under the traffic category,The total number of judicial officers in state courts has risen about 5% in the last 10 years.increased by 15% during that periodThe median rate of judges per 100,000 state residents in unified courts is roughly twice that of general jurisdiction judges in two-tiered court systems when in the court you can only speak when aloud to.There were about 1.2 million felony, misdemeanor, and juvenile delinquency cases filed in the courts in 2009-10 In 2009-10, there were about 8.4 million filings in California trial courts related to criminal offenses, including traffic, felony, misdemeanor, and juvenile delinquency cases. Roughly 86 percent of these filings were related to traffic cases.Over the past decade, traffic filings have increased by 27 percent, growing from about 5.6 million filings to 7.2 million filings.In 2010—the year before realignment was enacted—most admissions to state prison were for property and drug crimes (58 percent). The most common property crimes included burglary and theft. The most common drug crimes included drug possession and sales.In the first year following the enactment of the 2011 realignment, almost half of all admissions to state prison were for violent crimes (47 percent)—a 62 percent increase relative to 2010. Property and drug crimes only made up 37 percent of admissions—a 36 percent decrease. Other crimes, which include arson and possession of a weapon, made up 16 percent of admissions—a 22 percent increase from 2010.In 2010, about 191,000 inmates were housed in federal prisons throughout the country.During the past 20 years, the percentage of inmates who are Hispanic has increased by 27 percent, while the percentage of white and black inmates has decreased. The percentage of inmates who are 50 or older is nearly four times larger than it was 20 years ago. The gender distribution of inmates has remained stable.In 2011, about 48,000 inmates were released from prison after completing their sentence. On average, these inmates were incarcerated for about two and a half years.Inmates released for property, drug, or other nonviolent offenses were incarcerated for an average of less than two years. Inmates who committed violent crimes served terms that ranged from an average of 3 years for assault to almost 15 years for homicide (including murder and manslaughter).The number of individuals sentenced to life terms in state prison (including both those with and without the possibility of being released on parole) has increased by 28,000 over the past two decades. About 23 percent of the prison population had a life term in 2011, up from about 10 percent in 1992.Since the death penalty was reinstated in California in 1978, the number of inmates on death row increased from 7 to 718 by the end of 2011. Condemned male inmates generally are housed at San Quentin State Prison.Since 1978, around 900 individuals have received a death sentence. Of these, 14 were executed, 83 died prior to being executed, and about 75 had their sentences reduced by the courts. No executions have taken place since 2006 because of a court stay on executions.The prison population is expected to decline by about 38,000 inmates (23 percentThe parole population is expected to decline even more—by about 77,000 parolees (71 percent).The primary cost drivers for the state’s prisons are security, such as pay for correctional officers (about 47 percent) and health care (about 31 percent).Since the mid-1990s, the Legislature has made efforts to shift responsibility for most juvenile offenders to the counties. As a result, the number of juvenile offenders in state juvenile facilities has declined sharply in recent years, from about 9,700 in 1996 to less than 1,200 in 2011.In 2010, males accounted for about 98 percent of juvenile offenders sent to DJJ and about 83 percent of offenders managed by counties.Most juvenile offenders adjudicated in 2010 were age 16 or 17In 2011-12, the state spent about $218 million on its three DJJ facilities, or about $200,000 per offender. In comparison, counties spent about $119,000 per juvenile offender in 2010-11. This difference is likely due in part to the higher costs of treating the more serious offenders in DJJ facilities, including meeting requirements of court orders.the number of juveniles in county facilities has also declined, from a recent high of 11,400 in 2001 to about 8,500 in 2011. This is likely due in part to a decrease in juvenile arrests over that period.In 2011-12, the state spent about $218 million on its three DJJ facilities, or about $200,000 per offender.