Many a serious issue that people neglect. This

Many years ago, family farms were widespread. Animals fed on pasture, breathing fresh air, and feeling the sunshine on their backs. Whereas the breeding of farm animals today is dominated by industrialized facilities, which farm animals are treated poorly and being abused in order to let the factory farming industries maximise profit while minimising costs. In this essay, I will be exploring why farm animals and animals from the meat industry are poorly treated, I will also be discussing about whose responsibility it is to ensure their welfare is taken into account. The reason for choosing this topic is because I strongly believe that this is a serious issue that people neglect. This is a global issue because it can be a threat to human in the future.Global PerspectiveThe UN included animal protection issues in the 17 SDGs which stand for Sustainable Development Goals, are the goals for countries to end poverty and protect the planet. The 43rd session of the United Nations Committee on World Farming Security approved a policy recommendation with broad implications for livestock welfare. (foodtank, n.d. ) “By treating animals well, we can fight poverty, reduce hunger, improve people’s health, tackle climate change and protect the biodiversity of our planet.” said World Animal Protection’s international head of policy Lesley Mitchell. (Rousseau) This shows that the UN cares and values this issue and believe that everyone is responsible for it.In fact, animals are not the only ones suffering because of these unnatural conditions. We humans still do not realise that after all of the cruelty and abusing, the environment and ourselves are also being harmed by the intensive farming systems employed on factory farms. Farm animals now account for almost two-thirds of all antibiotics used in the EU. (Soil Association, n.d.) Antibiotics being used in farm animals affect people when they are slaughtered and processed, these bacteria can contaminate the meat or other animal products. These bacteria can also get into the environment through animal stool and may spread to produce that is irrigated with contaminated water. (doi.org. N.p., n.d.)Globally, the UN and other world organizations are responsible to take animal welfare into account. Future ScenariosIf this cause continues this way, animal cruelty will continue and farm animals will not have the pursuit of happiness. Also, humans ingesting non-organic meats will affect their own health especially women who are pregnant and nursing, which will affect the next generation. Waste from large-scale confinement farms pollutes the water, land and air in neighboring communities, compromising both human health and quality of life.Course of actionTo solve this global issue, governments are responsible for participating in the action. Firstly, governments should ban the practice of million tons of GM crops are imported each year to feed the majority of non-organic livestock which produce chicken, eggs, pork etc. This practice is only banned under organic standards.Secondly, governments should make sure that factory farming industries and animal farms must give farm animals access to pasture (when weather and ground conditions permit) and are truly free range, they must have plenty of space and must be fed a diet that is as natural as possible and free from genetically modified organisms (GMOs), they must not routinely be given antibiotics. The Universal Declaration proposal on Animal Welfare should be adopted by the UN to ensure animal welfare is taken into account globally. I think that this is likely to happen but in a long period of time because some people are still not able to accept that animal welfare is something that is important. Personal ResponseI believe that this is a serious issue and we humans should take this seriously, I agree that they should not suffer unnecessarily and their basic needs should be met. I think that the UN should support the Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare (UDAW) because this allows governments to express their commitment to protecting animal welfare and is a vital takeoff to changes in international and national policies and animal legislation. It would help strengthen enforcement of animal welfare measures and promote humane treatment of animals in every corner of the world.National PerspectiveSwitzerland is a good example of what the government can do to protect animal welfare. Switzerland has made animal welfare a priority. The Swiss Ordinance on the Protection of Animals of 2008 was enacted and its laws became some of the strictest in the world. Switzerland has its own animal welfare act which its purpose is to protect the dignity and welfare of animals. (Swiss Federal Act on Animal Protection of March 9, 1978)The amount of meat eaten in Switzerland decreased in 2015 for the first time in three years, with per capita consumption dropping by 2%. Just 15% of the Swiss population eats meat daily.  (“Has Swiss Meat Consumption Peaked?”) Since horse, veal and beef are expensive in Switzerland, consumers decreased. Swiss meat, one of the meat companies in Switzerland, ensures that the animals have proper care. This is assured by the strict Swiss animal protection laws. They have to be consistently adhered to and independent checks are carried out to monitor this. General cleanliness and hygiene are closely followed up. Drugs are only used in close consultation with the veterinary surgeon and their use is recorded in detail. No residues are found in Swiss meat.The Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office has overall responsibility for improving animal protection, but in practice, this responsibility is delegated to a cantonal level. Responsibility is given to the cantons with support and collaboration from an identified branch of the Federal government. The cantons are also responsible for implementation and enforcement of regulations, and for the training and education of persons who perform the necessary functions. Future ScenariosThe Swiss Animal Protection campaigns will continue to improve and enlarge animal-friendly husbandry of farm animals. Switzerland may continue being the best country who protects animal welfare and set an example for the world that animal welfare is important. Other countries will follow this model of animal welfare legislation. Course of ActionThe government of Switzerland could focus on providing humane education on animal care and protection. Furthermore, organizations and government can encourage citizens to eat less meat, go vegetarian or vegan. Organizations believe that reducing meat consumption can benefit the wellbeing of animals. For example, by decreasing one’s own consumption of animal products, even slightly, one lowers the overall demand for these products, thus helping to reduce the number of animals who experience these oftentimes painful living and slaughter conditions. However, individuals are less likely to actually put their knowledge into action since people have different opinions on animal welfare. Personal ResponseIn my opinion, Switzerland has one of the best animal welfare in the world. In Switzerland, the government, meat companies, organizations and citizens are all responsible for animal welfare. The beneficent effects of hundreds of thousands of small, organic vegetable gardens and orchards. Every house seems to have a garden and fruit trees, and this strengthens the Swiss sense of caring for their land, fostering a healthy community spirit that propels Swiss people to cooperate to protect their lives and resources from pollution and exploitation. Switzerland has their own animal protection organization which is Swiss Animal Protection (SAP). Switzerland also has an animal welfare act to protect the dignity and welfare of animals. I believe there is adequate animal rights protection in Switzerland, as seen in the animal welfare act and organizations they established. Other countries should use Switzerland as one of the examples to refer to. Personal PerspectiveIn my personal perspective, it’s the government, meat industries, organizations and we humans’ responsibility to protect the welfare of animals.It is shocking to realise that farm animals are treated poorly in worldwide meat industries to maximise their company’s profit. I do eat meat every day and I never got to think about animal welfare before doing this research. We humans have the responsibility because we are the consumers, yet people are not taking action to solve the issue. The truth is the majority of people in Hong Kong consume meat and poultry, also ignoring the pain and sorrow of feelings that are not able to be expressed by animals in words. I agree that Hong Kongers consume too much meat and should pay more attention to animal welfare. In Hong Kong, there are animal welfare charities and organizations which try their hardest to protect livestock and raise concern about them in the society. However, Hong Kong lags behind other developed societies in protecting animals from cruelty and animal welfare. Hong Kong does not have laws that focus specifically on animal welfare. A report co-authored by HKU Associate Professor Amanda Whitfort and SPCA Deputy Director of Welfare, Dr. Fiona Woodhouse, found out that Hong Kong’s anti-cruelty legislation cannot protect animals at risk of abuse and suffering. (“Is Hong Kong Taking Care of Animal Rights?”) From my personal experience in Hong Kong, people who grew up in Hong Kong seem to not think that animal welfare is their responsibility. In a way I can relate because of the traditional culture norms conflict with modern welfare theory. Hong Kong cuisine is mostly based on meat, poultry, for example dim sum. Therefore it can be hard for Hong Kongers to exclude meat from their diets since they are used to eating meat. Furthermore, Hong Kongers are  the demand for cheaper foods are bringing consequences for not only affecting the welfare of farm animals but also the environment and human health. Hong Kongers might not be aware of farm animals being treated inhumanely since most of the consumed meat in Hong Kong come from worldwide meat industries such as Brazil and Mainland. Local farms are rarer so this issue may not be the biggest concern for Hong Kongers.Secondly, the labels on food packagings are misleading which causes people to buy animal products where the animals are not treated properly. For example, a certified organic product doesn’t cover all the animal welfare issues. I wouldn’t have know this before writing this essay.Animals’ freedom to move about and enjoy what life they have is gone. In order to maximize profits, large numbers of animals are crammed into tiny spaces. Extreme breeding and feeding methods force animals to grow at a fast rate. Many pigs are confined without natural bedding materials like straw. In modern veal production, calves are removed from their mothers after a day or two and put into restricted conditions where they cannot graze and are not allowed any physical contact with others. Future ScenariosIf farm animals in Hong Kong are still suffering from cramped spaces and unsanitary conditions, the situation will continue and maybe get even worse, animals will live shorter and die faster. Diseases will spread to humans and will affect the environment, for example, animal waste from factory farms has been known to leak into local water supplies, spreading harmful bacteria to those who live nearby.On the other hand, if this issue is being valued instead, hopefully in about 10-15 years from now people will respect animals more because there will be larger fines and longer jail times. People will be educated about animal welfare and their freedom they would understand more about them and hopefully take action. If the authorities do make tougher laws animals might live longer and not as many animals will die per year due to neglect and abuse. Course of ActionI believe that what one can do is to eat less meat as possible, or even go vegetarian or vegan to reduce meat consumption and improve the welfare of farm animals, or at least reduce the number of animals experiencing pain and stressful conditions. But if one chooses to eat meat and dairy products, buy from producers who treat their animals well, farmers who keep the animals in good conditions by buying pastured eggs, meat, and dairy products. (“One Thought.”) One can also spread the word about why animal welfare is important and what they can do to help. The government should make sure to educate people about the need to respect the rights of animals. If possible, the government should modify the legislation to focus more on animal welfare and animal rights in detail, for example, banning cheap meat, an absolute prohibition on all forms of animal cruelty etc. This is less likely to happen for the government would not prioritise animal welfare as a issue to be tackled.Conclusion & EvaluationIn conclusion, I strongly believe that animal welfare is everybody’s responsibility, including the government, meat industries, organizations and people who consume meat and poultry. It is necessary to protect animal welfare. Governments can do this by making sure to educate citizens about animal rights and welfare, also to modify laws and legislation to improve them in order to safeguard the rights and welfare of animals and deter people from torturing them. I chose this topic because I realised I wasn’t paying enough attention to animal welfare. After researching and writing this essay, I understan