Mark performed the enormously valuable task of recording

Mark Guadagnoli         Jesuits and their influences on scientific discoveries         Did you know jesuits helped discover some of the most helpful tools in science today? Such as the pendulum clocks, pantographs, barometers, and reflecting telescopes. Scientists were not the only people who discovered tools we use in our everyday lives such as clock. The jesuits were created in sixteenth century by Ignatius Loyola, it was a bulk of Catholic priest interested in science. Several of the great Jesuit scientist performed the enormously valuable task of recording their data in massive encyclopedias which played a crucial role in the spread of scientific research. The jesuits also were the first to spread science western to India and china. In the seventeenth century the jesuits introduced a substantial body of scientific knowledge. They were also the first to carry out the modern cartographic work in china. In the nineteenth century, Asia, Africa and Central America saw the opening of jesuit observatories that studied astronomy , geomagnetism, meteorology , seismology and solar physics. These observatories provided these areas with accurate time keeping and forecasts. In Central and South America, the Jesuits focus of meteorology and seismology essentially laying the foundations of those disciplines there. They developed countries ranging from Ecuador to Lebanon and the Philippines. After you read my paper you will be surprised at the amount of things that the jesuits had a hand in.     The jesuits had invented a lot of things such as the trap door. The trap is used during plays such as the wizard of oz the wicked witch of the west would not have been able to disappear without a trap door. They also located the source of the Blue Nile and charted the Amazon and Mississippi Rivers which a mainly used for moving heavy machinery into areas they can not get to easily. They are also used for its resources and animals that live in them people use the river every day in their lives to provide for their family. They also help educate in high schools which can be found all over the world to teach students about necessary information that will help us get through life and to help us provide for our family and friends. High schools also help us get into colleges which will help us get good paying jobs which will help us provide for our families.     Over the last 400 Years the jesuits have succeeded in establishing the largest worldwide network of schools and universities such as Boston college or Fairfield university. Boston College is ranked 32nd in National University’s and 421st in the Global ranking. It was established in 1863 by The society of Jesuits. It started with three teachers and 22 students thought the first seven decades it remained and small undergraduate school. In 2013 Jorge Mario Bergoglio became the first Jesuits to be elected pope taking the name Pope Francis. Today the jesuits form the largest single religious order of priest and brothers in the Catholic Church. The society is divided into 83 provinces along with six independent regions and ten dependent regions. The current Superior General of the Jesuits is Arturo Sosa. The society is characterized by its ministries in the field of missionary work, human rights, social justice and most notably higher education. Their contributions to the late Renaissance were significant in their roles both as a missionary order and as the first religious order to operate colleges and universities as a principal and distinct ministry. The Jesuit schools played an important part in winning back to Catholicism a number of European countries which had for a time been predominantly Protestant, notably Poland and Lithuania. The Jesuits made missions to japan and resulted in the government granting the Jesuits the feudal fiefdom of Nagasaki in 1580 however this was removed in 1587 due to fears over their growing influence. Jesuit missions in America became controversial in Europe, especially in Spain and Portugal where they were soon seen as interfering with the proper colonial enterprise of the royal government. The Jesuits were often the only force standing between the Native Americans and slavery. Together throughout South America but especially in present day Brazil and Paraguay, they formed Christen Native American city-states, called reductions. These were societies set up according to an idealized theocratic model. The efforts of Jesuits like Antonio Ruiz de Montoya to protect the Native Americans  from enslavement by Spanish and Portuguese Colonizers would contribute to the call for society’s suppression. The Jesuits first entered China through the Portuguese settlement on Macau where they settled on Green Island founded by St. Paul’s College. The Jesuit China missions of the 16th and 17th centuries introduced Western Science and Astronomy, then undergoing its own revolution to China. The scientific revolution brought by the Jesuits coincided with. Time when scientific innovation had declined in China. The Jesuits made efforts to translate western mathematical and astronomical works into Chinese and aroused the interest of Chinese scholars in these sciences. They made very extensive astronomical observations and carried out the first modern cartographic work in China. They also learned to appreciate the scientific achievements of the ancient culture and made them known in Europe. Through their correspondence european scientist first learned about the Chinese science and culture.      During the French colonization of New France in the 17th century, Jesuits played an active role in North America. When Samuel de Champlain established the foundation of the French colony at Quebec, he was aware of native tribes who possessed their own languages, customs, and traditions. These natives that inhabited modern day Ontario, Algonquin, and the Huron.  Champlain believed that these had souls to be saved, so in 1614 he initially obtained the recollects a reform branch of Franciscan in France v