New Residential Building Technologies as a Modern Standard

New Residential Building Technologies
as a Modern Standard of Living

These
days we live in a very modern society. In the Society where every day something
new happens. The scientific revolution of the 20th century gave us a powerful
impetus to the developmental change of all sides of our life. We launch rockets
into space, build underground tunnels for trains, create computer networks the
size of a neural grid of the human brain, explore quantum mechanics processes
at the sub micro level, electronic components get more progressive almost every
year, but at the same time, such significant aspect of our life as the housing remains
almost unchanged. What kind of solutions might be workable and what are the
obstacles in the approach of bringing new technologies into the house building field
will be covered in this paper.

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Interest to
conserve energy was not popular in the United Stated for many years; however,
things are changing and today more and more people started thinking how to improve
it. Fortunately, while we were living carelessly, Europeans, buying energy at
very expensive prices, have already developed all the technology, have carried all
the necessary research out, and are ready to share it. What we need is to
change our attitude, make it our new national idea and bring it to the masses.

Passive building is a set of design and building rules used to get
a significant level of energy efficiency within a specific comfort level in
accordance with these building-science principles: 

Extra insulation without thermal
bridging.
The site’s airtightness, blocking
infiltration of outside air and loss of conditioned air.
High-performance windows and
doors.
Usage of continuous heat
recovery ventilation and conditioning system. 
Presence of a thermal mass
object inside of the building such as slab on grade or massive brick wall
that can accumulate and radiate heat or coolness.
The
orientation of the home on its building site and the selection and placement
of the windows allows the house to get full advantage of free solar heat
and light

The principles can be applied to all
building and offer the best path
to Net-Zero and Net-Positive houses by minimizing the load that
renewables are required to provide. Imagine
never paying a utility bill for your house. Run the heat in the winter and the
AC in the summer and watch the electricity meter run backwards. Reduce your
environmental footprint and design a house that relies on its placement on your
property, the architecture of the house, and technology to make your house a
zero energy building. To get a Net-Zero energy house we need to reduce
energy consumption to minimum by using energy star appliances and LED lamps, while
major component is a renewable energy system. By making proper calculation on
the design stage, a house is made to produce as much energy as it consumes on a
yearly basis. The whole system is not necessary autonomous as it can be connected
to the grid so that it supplies excessive electricity into it and get it back
when production is low. What matters in this case is the annual production consumption
ratio. If from the grid consumption is zero then a house can be called a
net-zero and if it produces more than it needs then a house can be called Net-Positive;
that means that electricity can get paid back by the grid operator.

At the moment there is
no ready to build solution for all the occasions. You will not find a
collection of typical plans for such houses in the local library or low cost
version from online vender. As a rule, such a project will have to be ordered
from a specialized architect and engineer, well informed in these matters. This
means that in addition to the fact that the project itself requires additional cost,
so also the architectural and engineering parts will also require significant
monetary investment. All this does not add popularity and acts as a barrier. Designing
a Net Zero home individually is a very difficult task. You must examine all the
potential items that will use energy and find the most efficient models. For
Net Zero homes, the first priority for the architect is all about energy.
Energy conservation, creation, and consumption become the heart of every
decision. The most efficient refrigerator may not be the most attractive or
functional for the family who will live in the house. You must also eliminate
any obvious holes in the home, including fireplaces–a chimney is essentially a
hole in the insulation envelope of the home. You will also need to orient your
home so that most of the windows face south or east, with only a few windows
facing west and no windows facing north. Unless you have a very large property
and have the ability to choose the exact house placement, this can be hard to
achieve. Plus, what if the best view on the property faces north? You must also
look at how to create, capture, and store energy. Think about solar panels all
over the roofs, windmills, natural energy sources including hydropower and
geothermal. The list goes on and on.