On on 1 May 2003 when President Bush

On Thursday 20th March 2003,
the United Kingdom took part in the invasion and occupation in Iraq, led and in
partnership with the United States. The purpose of the intervention within the
sovereign state was to remove Saddam Hussain, the leader of the revolutionary
Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party and the President of Iraq. After the fall of the
Twin Towers within the US on the morning of 11th September 2001, the
United States Administration pursued changes within Iraq in attempts to
retaliate against the Taliban regime, Al-Qaeda and take steps towards “Global
War on Terror”. On terms of creating a strong alliance with the United States,
the UK Government began seeking influence and support within the United Nations
to put for the motion of using force within Iraq. The determination to use
force within Iraq was a significant decision by the Government, as this
consequence of the invasion felt through Iraq and the Middle East, as well as
within the United Kingdom.

The invasion of Iraq, was announced officially
on 1 May 2003 when President Bush declared an end to major combat operation,
the main aim for the coalition was to “disarm Iraq of weapons of mass
destruction, to end Saddam Hussein’s support for terrorism, and to free the
people of Iraq”.  Supporting the
judgements of the US President, Tony Blair the former Prime Minister of the UK
also believed in the urgency for war by making three key statements; that Iraq
had the capability and interest of producing weapons of mass destruction; Saddam
Hussain’s possible links to international terror groups and belief that the
people of Iraq needed to be set free from tyranny.

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What are weapons of mass destruction?

Weapons of mass destruction have the
capacity to impose death and complete destruction of a country on such an
immense scale but also threaten the natural environment to such extents of
radiation poisoning and many more; therefore, it is seen that whoever holds
such weapons are a greater threat to international world and the contemporary
global security environment. Modern versions of WMD’S can be biological,
nuclear or chemical weapons.

Iraq had a history of producing and
developing chemical nuclear weapons known as weapons of mass destruction; from
earlier years dating back to 1991, Iraqi officials failed to disclose their
special weapons programme to weapons inspectors and refused to accept
provisions from previous resolutions. The      security
council from the United Nation had developed and adopted resolution 1284 in
1999 which established the UNMOVIC “United Nations Monitoring, Verification and
Inspections Commissions which set out to carry on with the mandate to disarm
Iraq of their weapons of mass destruction, and to monitor Iraq’s compliance
with its obligations to not produce or generate WMDS. The security council
would continue to decide what requirements Iraq would have to meet, and had
changed the criteria for possible suspensions, and sanctions for complete
disarmament. Iraq had refused to accept the requirements of the resolution,
which included the re-admissions of the past weapons inspectors, which increased
the concerns of Iraq’s activities in the absence of the inspectors and raised
worries whether Iraq was producing WMD’s once the inspectors had left.  Also, the continuing concerns of how long the
policy could last and what the it can achieve, and the continuing issue of the
legal basis for the operations in the No-Fly Zones and the conduct of the
individual operations.

Saddam Hussain continued to not
cooperate with the new resolution unless there was a set UN agreed timetable
for the lifting of sanctions, he suspected that the United States would not
agree to such sanction lift as long as Saddam Hussain remained in power; the
other condition being that he should be able to negotiate with the UN in regard
to lessening the inspection provisions,