Research and Kasser, 2009). Ibrahim et al (2012)

Research Objectives

1.
To identify the level of
environmental awareness of among
hospitality students and technical students of Manipal.

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 2. To determine environmental attitudes among hospitality students and technical
students of Manipal.

3.
To assess the level of participation in environmental activities among hospitality students and technical
students of Manipal.

4.
To compare the level of environmental awareness, environmental attitude and
participation in environmental activities among hospitality students and technical students of Manipal.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

Environment is defined as a
surrounding or growth of an individual. Global environment 
have undergone several changes which are mainly due to the result of
human activities. The rapid globalization, urbanization,
poverty, unsustainable consumption patterns and population growth(Unep,2012).  The quality of
environment have been significantly changed to an alarming rate due to the
drastic reduction in quality of air, water and soil have  increased 
pollution in ocean , wildlife extinction, loss of biodiversity, and
increased in frequency and intensity of catastrophic natural disasters
resulting in lost of lives and properties, spread and increased in cancerous
diseases (abbas,2013`) so , its not a topic to discuses above mentioned
environmental problems are natural or anthropogenic. It has been  said that man as the senior citizen of
the  earth is completely responsible for
destruction and over exploitation of the environment and natural resources due
to his selfishness. Hence, the need for environmental education and awareness
becomes very important and an essential measure to reduce  the situation leading to a greater extent.

The
level of global environmental challenges now lead to serious scientific
dispute. So it is  very important to
inform and educate citizens to make appropriate environmental decisions and
adopt behavioural approach in addressing environmental challenges, the term of
environmental education (EE) was born (Crompton and Kasser, 2009).  Ibrahim et al
(2012) the method of creating  
knowledge, comprehension, values, attitudes, skills, abilities and
awareness among individuals and social groups about the protection of
environment was called as environmental education. The Geographical Association`s Environmental Education Working Group
(1980) explains that Environmental Education (EE) as a multitude of processes
and activities that creates understanding of environment and leads to the
evolution caring and committed responses. 
The awareness about importance of 
environment and the need of protection and preservation of it should be
created among the people in which they live ,as well as the consequences of our
actions in the course of developmental activities. Therefore the main  aim of environmental education is to redirect
and shape human behavior towards responsible acts and commitments to
environment. So that effective environmental education gears and promotes
responsible citizenship behavior toward the environment and environmental
protection. Thus, environmental education ,awareness and induced public
participation in environmental protection become important in development of
environmental sustainability.

Environmental Awareness is
concern and knowledge about current status of 
environment or environmental problem. Our Future generations may find
earth worth not living if the environmental issues are not solved or taken care
of.( Roberta, 2009) . To  solve an
improve the current  situation
,creating  awareness , knowledge and
attitude to different environmental problems and issues. Creating awareness
Using the findings  of science and
technology  will play important  role in better understanding and knowledge
about  the environmental issues. It is
the duty of every human being to have the awareness toward the environment to
improve the sustainability and protection of it (Yaghoobi,2003).

Attitude is  also one of the important part of
environmental education. Environmental attitude a learned predisposition to
respond consistently favorable or unfavorable manner with respect to the
environment (Uitto, 2004). Environmental attitude is the three dimensional concept  like environmental worldview, concern about
environment and commitment towards environment. Environmental attitude  is examined 
with theoretical and empirical approaches . In environmentalism  environmental attitude is one of the
important concept. According to Dunlap and Van (1978) said that  overall environment al balance is effected by
the relationship between  the environment
and society and perception regarding the consumption of  natural resources. The researchers also
examined that individual factor like environmental value will effect the
environmental attitude.

Environmental attitude
and  awareness consists of some
predicators like education,  age, gender,
residents, income and political tendency. According to Ostman and Parker
education is the correct use of predicators. Also said that there is the
significant relationship between environmental education and environmental
awareness ,environmental education and environmental attitude. (Arcury,1990)
Younger generation has more concern then that of older generation because
environmentalism is correct outlet for younger generation. Students are
the  most important  human beings for saving and protection of  environment .For portraying national
civilization  awareness among the
students is the most important factor. It displays the various aspects  of environmental conditions  like individual consideration, attitude and
behavior  the local citizens and public
capacity towards the sustainable development of the society (Kaiser,
2003).   According to Athman and Monroe
(2000) In Environmental Education  the
most important factor is environmental awareness. The study done bye Palmer
(1998) said that  students should have  appropriate amount of  understanding and knowledge  about the current  status of environment for the protection and
restoration of  environment. Some
researchers  identified that age and
education level is the important variable for environmental awareness and attitude.

Therefore, this paper  is the study on environmental awareness, attitude
and participation amongst among hospitality students and
technical students of Manipal. The university is diverse
with a large number of students not only from different states of India but
also across the world, which provide the good place to study and investigate
the students environmental awareness and participation.