32.2 Classification of hypertension
32.3 Hypertension management
Hypertension (High Blood
Pressure) is defined as sustain elevation of blood pressure more than 140/90
mmHg. Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease and it is the
major risk factor for coronary artery disease, heart failure, stroke, renal
failure and myocardial infarction. The risk is progressively increased with
increasing blood pressure. Cardiovascular disease prevalence is strongly age
depended and predominantly affects in people who are older than 50 years.
Untreated or ineffective treatment is
usually associated with progressive elevation of blood pressure subsequently
vascular damage resulting resistance hypertension. Effective antihypertensive
therapy has showed dramatic declines in mortality rate associated with
cardiovascular disease risk.
This particular session details the theory
behind the use of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment methods in management
What is hypertension?
What is mean by systolic and
Diastolic blood pressure?
Classification of Hypertension
There are several types of
classification of Hypertension. Table 1 describes one of them. Systolic blood
pressure of 120-130 mmHg or Diastolic Blood pressure of 80-89 mmHg is
classified as Pre-hypertension. If systolic blood pressure 140-159 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure
90-99 mmHg is classified as Hypertension stage 1 and if systolic blood pressure
more than 160 mmHg or Diastolic Blood pressure more than 100 mmHg it is
classified as Hypertension stage 2.