South difficulties identified with crime and violence. Today,

South African’s
rainbow nation idealism is in stark contrast to the reality of a country that
is plagued by crime, a lack of employment opportunities and a failing public
education system.

Crime can adversly affect
family life, community cohesion, productive working and general wellbeing.   This
makes understanding and combatting them imperative. So as to see South Africa’s
high level of crime, it is critical that it is examined inside the setting that
it occurs. Crime is a global phenomeon, however South Africa is a nation dealing
with unique and complex dynamics surrounding crime. The present South African
culture originates from a past loaded with viciousness and persecution,
essentially because of the inheritance of the politically-sanctioned racial
segregation framework, which has profoundly affected the manners by which the
populace explores in their capacity to construct a durable national persona.

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South African’s live
in fear, to the extent that they do not feel safe enough to walk alone in broad
daylight in public use areas or enable their kids to play unreservedly in the
areas they live in. Regardless of the presence of twenty years of democracy,
the country keeps on confronting difficulties identified with crime and
violence. Today, this legacy keeps on influencing South Africa and is
exacerbated by new difficulties.

South Africa has the
greatest and most prominent HIV epidemic on the planet, with an estimated 7.1
million individuals living with HIV in 2017. 33% of every single new infection
in 2017 were in one country: South Africa

In South Africa, the
link has been made between an individual’s socio-economic background and the
likelihood that an individual will test positive for HIV. Those who have taken
an HIV test and know their status are more likely to have a higher level of education,
be employed, have accurate HIV knowledge and a higher perception of risk.

In South Africa, the
connection has been made between a person’s financial foundation and the
probability that an individual will test positive for HIV. The individuals who
have taken a HIV test and know their status will probably have a higher level
of education,  have correct HIV information,
be employed and have a better understanding of the risks associated with HIV.

Discovered primarily
among adults in the vicinity of 20 and 40 years of age, it directly influences
the workforce and the most productive years of an employee.

 

HIV additionally
harms the uninfected children who exist 
as orphans, with their parents being casualties to Aids. The number of
HIV-infected children, who are probably going to grow up as orphans in
government institutions, is another cost to society.

Related to this, and
especially important to youth violence is the disturbing absence of employment opportunities
for youngsters. The evidence suggests that this is a multifaceted issue. South
Africa has one of the highest unemploymnet rates on the planet, with a little
more than 27.7% of the nation’s populace are not employed which implies there
are 6.17 million jobless employment seekers in South Africa. Just about a third
(30.6%) of youth between the ages of 15 and 24 live in a circumstance alluded
to as NEET, which stands for “not in education, employment and training “.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s youth unemployment rate
indicator shows that South Africa has the worst youth unemployment rate among
36 countries across the globe.

According to the
Quarterly Labour Force Survey released in August 2017, unemployment in South
Africa is still a huge issue.

In South Africa,
there are added challenges to finding employment, one being geographic
situation. Searching for work is costly and tedious. Employers are frequently
situated a long way from living arrangements, which means costly transport
costs for employees.  Living conditions,
wellbeing and being respectable are harder to keep up while jobless, making it
more difficult for a potential employer to employ you.

Another challenge is
the inadequate public education system. Those without a matric or tertiary
qualifications are significantly more inclined to be jobless.  Research by University of Stellenbosch
economist Servaas van der Berg has shown that only four% of those who began secondary
school in 2008 have a tertiary degree.

This relates to the
changing nature of the labour market and mismatches between the skills needed
in the labour market and those provided through the educational system.
Research shows that a key difficulty confronting young work seekers,
specifically, is the fact that South Africa’s labour market favours highly
skilled employees.

The high demand for
skilled labour means that those with a post-secondary qualification and
experience are more prone to finding employment than those with only a matric
certificate.

 

 

 

Ways must be found to
move the work market to be more youth friendly. This involves employers being
encouraged to review their recruitemnet criteria to reach candidates who might
not normally be seen as employable.  An
example is the Harambee Youth Employment Accelerator (www.harambee.co.za) which
involves working with employers across sectors to promote inclusive hiring
practices that focus on young people.

Education plays a key
role in contributing to the capacity to obtain employment opportunities.  Government has made various efforts to
address the problem through various policy interventions, but this has not had
the desired effect of significantly reducing unemployment.  These policies include the Accelerated and
Shared Growth Initiative of South Africa (ASGISA), the Expanded Public Works
Programme (EPWP), industrial policy, Black Economic Empowerment (BEE), the New
Growth Path, and review of the trade policy among others.

Another solution
could be a national transport subsidy for job seekers. A pilot study is being
run by the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab . This is a simple solution
with a potentially high impact.

There is an open door
for the private sector to additionally step into up and lend their support
.  For private sector businesses, this
corporate social investment in our country’s youth may constitute one of its
most noteworthy commitments to our future.

Education and
training is an extraordinary leveler, with which a winning nation can be
achieved. That requires responsibilities in genuine term from both the
government and private sector businesses.

Local-level youth
employability programmes, often run through non-governmental organisations and
private sector businesses, are another conceivable option. They enable
youngsters to get to data about jobs and bolster them to be more effective in
looking and applying for employment.